YAMRES PAKNIANY, ALCE ALBARTIN SAPULETTE
THE CONTESTATION OF ACTORS AND CONFLICT ESCALATION IN GOLD MINING AREA OF SOUTHWEST MALUKU REGENCY
The development of the mining industry in 1970 in Indonesia helped increase the role of the mining industry to meet the domestic and the foreign needs. Various commodities are processed from the mining of oil and natural gas, coal, tin, gold and silver, as well as minerals such as sand, river stone, limestone, which is also followed by the growth of the management and manufacturing of finished goods industries. The impacts of the mining industry vary greatly depending on the type of commodity and its spreading characteristics. In addition to the environmental impacts, mining activities may also have social, economic and criminal impacts as well as conflicts.
The contestation among actors in the gold mining area of Romang Island, Southwest Maluku Regency occurs due to different interests regarding the management and the utilization of gold resources. The contestation of the actors, resulting in social life relationship among people in Romang Island. Each actors tries to defend their interests. The possibility of conflict escalation to occur, if each conflicting party keeps their opinion on the issue of the mining source and the management as well as the utilization of the existing gold resources. The possibility of the existence of conflict escalation is caused by two factors, namely the the formation of the social class structure of the society and the weakening of the community cohesiveness factors.
RJOAS (Russian Journal of Agricultural and Socio-Economic Sciences)
Issues 3(87), March 2019, PP 312-319